How to get a stable harvest, despite the difficult conditions of the winter of 2019
How to get a stable harvest, despite the difficult conditions of the winter of 2019
In the autumn of 2018, the weather conditions were such that winter wheat went into winter underdeveloped, so by spring not all crops will be in good condition. And well-wintered plants are most likely to be either not blooming, or slightly blooming.
In order to help farmers get a stable, good harvest, the specialists of KAT «AZUR-NIVA» offer several options for leaf treatments that will help plants resume vegetation in a shorter time, expand and develop a secondary root system.
The first option is the development phase of winter wheat 2-4 leaves.
In this case, it is necessary to remove stress from the plants from the impact of unfavorable factors of the winter period, stimulate the development of the root system and stimulate the tillering of plants. Since these stages of plant development did not pass in the fall, then in the spring period of time, there is not much left to make up for it and it is necessary to use it as efficiently as possible. For this, leaf treatment with Cultimar 0.2 l/ha + and КORA P7 0.5 l/ha is very well suited.
Cultimar is a special biostimulator fertilizer made from seaweed extract, which provides them with good development conditions both at the initial stages of growth and during the active vegetation period.
Cultimar contains meso - and microelements (Mg,S and B), amino acids, vitamins A, B, C, E in a balanced composition, which provides favorable conditions for growth and development, contributing to a high yield. Free amino acids included in the fertilizer are biologically active substances that stimulate the growth and development of plants. Vitamins increase the intensity of photosynthesis, the content of chlorophyll and soluble carbohydrates, stimulate the absorption of phosphorus, sulfur, calcium by plant roots and reduce the absorption of chlorine. Vitamins accelerate leaf growth they delay their death and favorably affect the rate of plant development. They positively affect the accumulation of nitrogen compounds, contributing to the synthesis of the protein part and the assimilation of nitrogen.Cultimer contains meso-and microelements (Mg, S and B), amino acids, vitamins A, ALL in a balanced composition, which provides favorable conditions for growth and development, contributing to a high yield. Free amino acids, which are part of the fertilizer, are biologically active substances that stimulate the growth and development of plants. Vitamins increase the intensity of photosynthesis, the content of chlorophyll and soluble carbohydrates, stimulate the absorption of phosphorus, sulfur, calcium by plant roots and reduce the absorption of chlorine. Vitamins accelerate the growth of leaves, delay their death and favorably affect the rate of plant development. They have a positive effect on the accumulation of nitrogen compounds, contributing to the synthesis of the protein part and the assimilation of nitrogen.
Cultimar fertilizer also contains important endogenous hormones belonging to the cytokinin class.
Fertilizers of the KORA brand, in particular KORA P7, belong to the main direct-purpose fertilizers for direct plant nutrition and are a water-soluble concentrated cellular structure of a specially developed polymer base in which phosphorus and potassium are in ionic form.
Functional groups of atoms of the polymer base of the «KORA» form an extensive network – a polymer matrix that holds the batteries in its cellular structure due to the formation of hydrogen, ionic and electrostatic bonds. The cellular structure of the polymer protects nutrients from negative environmental influences by delivering macronutrients to the leaf surface or the root system of plants in a bioavailable, easily digestible ionic form.
The main differences from other fertilizers:
1. The polymer matrix «KORA» is fixed on the surface of the leaf immediately and irreversibly, it is not washed off by rain, and nutrients remain available to plants for a long time.
2. Due to the fact that the batteries are in ionic form, they penetrate directly into the plant cell through the leaf membrane.
3. The polymer base of the fertilizer performs the function of a «shock absorber» between macronutrients and the surface of the leaf, protecting it from burns and reducing stress from treatments.
4. When using the «KORA» as part of the tank mixture, the free cells of the polymer matrix capture the active substances from the solution, including them in the cellular structure and transfer them to the plant. When the «KORA» fertilizer is used in drip irrigation, the honeycomb structure captures nutrients from the soil and delivers them to the plant through the root system.
The «KORA» fertilizer is especially effective in helping to compensate for the lack of nutrients in dry periods, as well as in cold rainy weather, when the plants ' metabolism slows down. Polymer chains of fertilizers, in addition to the retained macronutrients, contain nitrogen, sulfur and phosphorus in their composition, which, during the decomposition of the polymer, additionally nourish the plant. The polymer base of the fertilizer is environmentally safe, in 2-3 weeks after application, having given all the nutrients, it breaks down into carbon dioxide and water.
The second option is the phase of development of winter wheat tillering (2-3 stems).
Here it is necessary to relieve stress from plants after the winter period, to stimulate the development of the vegetative mass and the root system. In this case, the preparations S progen first 0.5 kg/ha + AquaSilk-705 0.25 ml/ha are well suited.
S Progen is a group of mineral fertilizers that are produced on the basis of vegetable protein. Being a protein organic substance of living matter in its meaning and biological function, they provide fast and high-quality assimilation of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium, as well as trace elements and vitamins of group B and C contained in the S Progen complex.
S Progen first – relieves stress, compensates for the lack of phosphorus and stimulates its assimilation by the root system in the early spring growing season.
The activator for all pesticides and agrochemicals AquaSilk-705 gives the working solution unique properties, enhancing the actions of pesticides and improving the penetration of nutrients.
When processing by sheet:
- Provides spreading of the solution on the sheet surface, increases the wetting area.
- Promotes the penetration of the components of the solution into the leaf apparatus of the plant.
- It is not washed off by precipitation.
The third option
Unfortunately, not all winter wheat crops pass the winter period without significant losses. Quite often, by the time the vegetation resumes, they need to be repaired or replanted, since most of the plants die from unfavorable conditions, or because of weak development in the autumn period.
Repair and replanting of winter cereals is usually carried out with spring wheat or spring barley. These crops can partially compensate for the losses that were caused to winter wheat, but it is quite difficult to fully compensate for the shortfall in yield, since compared to winter wheat, they have a much shorter growing season and they use less productively the moisture that heats up during the winter period.
In order to improve the development of spring cereals, it is necessary to use preparations that help plants to achieve better development in a shorter period of time when processing seeds. Such preparations include Form No. 1 for root formation.
The preparation Form No. 1 root-forming agent is based on a complex of organic particles obtained on the basis of the principles of modern bio-engineering.
The production process is based on the production of organic microparticles from natural raw materials without the use of high temperatures and chemical reagents, which allows you to preserve the environmental component of the product.
Advantages of the drug:
- Increases field germination and seed germination energy.
- Reduces the phytotoxicity of mordants.
- Increases the mass of the root system by 30% or more.
- It has no side effects.
Form No. 1 root-forming agent-normalizes acidity and increases soil fertility.
Unlike mineral fertilizers, Form No. 1:
- does not violate the acid-base balance of the soil.
- does not lead to salinization and acidification of the soil.
- reduces the density and increases the structure of the soil.
- preserves and promotes the development of useful soil microflora.
Recommendations for use:
Seed treatment: for cereals - 0.5 l / t; for row crops - 1l/t.
Not all options for the development of winter wheat are considered above. There may be no seedlings on the crops at all, but this does not mean that the seeds have died. They have sprouted and are in the soil in the «awl» phase.
In the spring, it will be necessary to determine the viability by sampling, if the plants are alive, then you will not have to re-sow the crops. The only disadvantage is that in the spring they will have a little time for productive tillering, so to accelerate development when 2-4 leaves appear, it will be necessary to carry out leaf processing according to the first option proposed in the article.
In fact, there may be much more options for the development of events, so you can contact the specialists of CAT «AZUR-NIVA» for all questions and we will help you find the right way out of this situation.
24/01/2019 - LLC "Combine of agricultural technologies "Azur-Niva", +7 (8635) 22-76-50, 22-76-53, email@example.com the section